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Pregunta:  When did the Spanish and Latinx start to help the North Americans and the Continental Army?
Respuesta:  King Carlos III of Spain began to help the North Americans in 1776 with money and supplies, the year that the Declaration of Independence was signed.  The US Congress and the Continental Army did not have enough money to buy all of the supplies that they needed to fight the Revolutionary War, so the Spanish and Latinx helped them.

Pregunta:  What type of supplies did the Spanish and Latinx send to George Washington and the Continental Army?
Respuesta:  The Spanish and Latinx sent gunpowder, clothing, blankets, medicine, uniforms, tents, guns, cannons, and other equipment to take care of the Continental Army and help them to fight the Revolution.

Pregunta:  Why didn’t the North Americans buy their own supplies for the Revolutionary War?

Respuesta:  In the 18th Century, North Americans were a nation of farmers, and they did not have the capability to manufacture their own supplies.  North Americans did not have a strong dollar to buy these supplies in the world markets.  The Continental currency lost all of its value by 1781.  People in Philadelphia paraded in the streets with paper dollars in their hats, because their money was worthless.

Pregunta:  When did the Spanish declare war against the British?
Respuesta:  The Spanish declared war against the British in June 21, 1779.  Bernardo de Gálvez and his army of Spanish, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, and North American volunteers immediately attacked British forts in the areas that are now Louisiana, Alabama and Florida.  These battles meant that there were fewer British soldiers to fight against the United States Continental Army, which was losing the war in the southern states at that time.

Pregunta:  During the American Revolutionary War, the British navy tried to block ships from delivering supplies to the North Americans.  In 1781, from which country did the most ships succeed in breaking through the blockade of the British navy to the port of Philadelphia?
Respuesta:  In 1781, over 50% of the ships that outran the British and landed in Philadelphia were from Havana, Cuba.  The Cubans actively traded with the North Americans, importing North American wheat flour and paying for the flour with the silver that the North Americans needed.

Pregunta:  Who paid for the final major battle of the Revolutionary War at Yorktown in 1781?
Respuesta:  The final major battle of the American Revolutionary War was paid for by a collection of silver and gold from the Spanish and Latinx people in Havana, Cuba.  The silver was mined by Mexicans and Bolivians and the gold was mined by Peruvians.

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